All A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


A1C Test A blood test that provides information about a person's average levels of blood glucose, over the past 3 months. his test is some times referred to as the hemoglobin A1c, HbA1c, or glycohemoglobin test.
Abdominal Of or relating to the middle region of the body.
Aberrant Wandering or deviating from the understood normal.
Abrasion An area damaged by scraping or wearing away.
Abscess A circumscribed, localized collection of pus caused by an infection and decomposition of tissue.
Acidosis An abnormally high level of acid in the blood.
Adhesion The property of sticking two or more pieces together.
Agonist A drug that stimulates activity of cell molecules in a way they would be stimulated by naturally produced substances.
Akinesia Motionless attributeable to temporary paralysis.
ALGINATE Sometimes referred to as Alginic acid, is an anionic polysaccharide distributed widely in the cell walls of brown algae, where through binding with water it forms a viscous gum.
ANEMIA A deficiency of red blood cells.
ANESTHESIA Insensitivity to pain, especially as artificially induced by the administration of gases or the injection of drugs before surgical operations.
ANTAGONIST A substance that inhibits or counteracts the action of another.
ANTIFUNGAL Destroying fungi or inhibiting their growth.
ANURESIS The failure or inability to void urine from the bladder.
Apnoea A temporary pause in breathing.
Apophysis Apophysis - A projecting portion of a bone.
Asepsis The absence of bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms.
Asphyxia A condition arising when the body is deprived of oxygen, causing unconsciousness or death suffocation.
Aural Pertaining to the ear or the sense of hearing.


Bagging Putting a mask connected to a squeezable bag or pressure device over the baby’s nose and mouth to help breathing.
Bandage A strip of material used to bind a wound or to protect an injured part of the body.
Bariatric Relating to or specializing in the treatment of obesity.
Basal Pertaining to the base.
Bilirubin A yellow pigment in the blood that gives a yellow colouring to the skin.
Bio Hazard A risk to human health or the environment arising from biological work, especially with microorganisms.
Blood Culture A test to find an infection in the blood.
Blood Pressure This is the pressure generated in the body's arteries by the pumping of the heart.
Blood Transfusion The process of transferring the blood of a person into the veins of another person.
Body Shields The body shield is designed to help prevent excess scrotal tissue from entering the vacuum cylinder.
Booster Pads A soft, flow-through pad designed to fill to capacity and then pass additional fluid into the primary garment.
Box Often contains multiple counts of an item within a box.
Breast Pump Piece of equipment that is both manual and electric that is used for expressing breast milk.


CABG Pronounced as cabbage. This is an acronym for coronary artery bypass graft.
Cannula A thin tube inserted into a vein or body cavity intended to administer medicine, drain off fluid, or insert a surgical instrument.
CAT Acronym for computerized axial tomography.
Catheter A flexible tube inserted through a narrow opening into a body cavity, particularly the bladder, for removing fluid.
Caudate Having a tail.
Cephalic Of or relating to the head.
Cerebrospinal Of or relating to the brain and spinal cord.
Cerebrospinal Fluid Clear watery fluid that fills the space between the arachnoid membrane and the pia mater.
Cervical Of or relating to the neck. The neck region of the spine.
Chest Drain A tube passed through the chest wall to drain off air leaking from the lung.
Clavicle Collar Bone
Collagen The main structural protein found in animal connective tissue.
Colostomy A surgical operation in which a piece of the colon is diverted to an artificial opening in the abdominal wall so as to bypass a damaged part of the colon.
Commode A piece of furniture that contains a concealed chamber pot.
Complement This occurs when something that has the ability to fill up or complete is filled up or has become complete.
Conception The creation of something in the mind.
Condom A thin rubber sheath that is worn over a man's penis.
Contusion A region of injured tissue or skin in which blood capillaries have been ruptured.
Cooling Mattress A cooling mattress is used for a specific condition where the brain needs to be cooled down to prevent brain damage.
Cornea The white portion of the eyes.
Costal Rib Bones
Count Denotes a numerical value of only a single item, or a single set of items.
CPAP Continuous Positive Airway Pressure, is a treatment that uses mild air pressure to keep the airways open.
Cyanosis Reduced level of oxygen in the blood that makes the skin, lips and nails appear bluish.
Cystitome An instrument used to open the capsule of the lens of the eye.


Debridement The removal of damaged tissue or foreign objects from a wound.
Dentition Teeth
Diabetes A metabolic disease in which the body's inability to produce any or enough insulin causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood.
Diabetic Control Solution A liquid that comes in a small vial and contains a known amount of glucose. This is used to test the accuracy of the blood glucose monitor.
Diabetic Sock A non-binding and non-elasticized sock which is designed so as to not constrict the foot or leg.
Diagnostic Serving to identify or characterize; being a precise indication.
Diapers A piece of absorbent material worn around the waist that absorbs and retains waste excretions.
Disposable Underpads Referred to as "chux" in most hospitals. Placed on top of mattresses, and other furniture to absorb incontinence accidents.
Dressing A piece of material placed on a wound to protect it.
Drip When fluids or blood are passed into a vein or artery using a needle or plastic tube.
Dysmorphic Pertaining to an abnormality in the shape or size of a body part.


ECG(electrocardiogram) A record or display of a person's heartbeat produced by electrocardiography.
EEG(electroencephalogram) A test or record of brain activity produced by electroencephalography.
Electrolytes The ionized or ionizable constituents of a living cell, blood, or other organic matter.
Endotracheal Tube A small usually plastic tube inserted into the trachea through the mouth or nose to maintain an unobstructed passageway especially to deliver oxygen or anesthesia to the lungs.
Enema A procedure in which liquid or gas is injected into the rectum, typically to expel its contents, but also to introduce drugs or permit X-ray imaging.
Enuresis Wetting the bed.
Epiphysis The end of a long bone.
Esmark Bandage Rolls of latex and non-latex sheeting or film that is used in bloodless surgery on limbs.
Exchange Transfusion The simultaneous removal of a patient's blood and replacement by donated blood, used in treating serious conditions such as hemolytic disease of the newborn.
External Meatus Ear Canal
Extubate The removal of a tube especially from the larynx after intubation.


First Aid Help given to a sick or injured person until full medical treatment is available.
Foley Catheter A flexible tube that passes through the urethra and into the bladder to drain urine.
Food Thickener Used to make drinking easier for patients who have trouble swallowing.
Fortify To make strong; impart strength or vigor to.
Frontalis Forehead


Gastrostomy An opening into the stomach from the abdominal wall, made surgically for the introduction of food.
Gauze A loosely woven cotton surgical dressing, often with the capibility of fluid absorption.
Gingiva Gums
Globe Eyeball
Glucose The chief source of energy for living organisms, its utilization is controlled by insulin.
Glucose Testing Meter A device that reads the amount of glucose in the blood stream of the patient.


Heating Pads A pad that is used for warming parts of the body in order to manage pain.
Hyaline Membrance Disease(HMD) A breathing problem in which the lungs tend to collapse instead of staying filled with air.
Hydrocephalus When too much cerebrospinal fluid accumulates inside the chambers of the brain.
Hydrocolloid A substance that forms a gel in the presence of water.
Hydrogel A gel in which the liquid component is water.
Hypercalcaemia A condition in which the calcium level in your blood is above normal.
Hyperglycemia An excess of glucose in the bloodstream, often associated with diabetes mellitus.
Hyperthermia The condition of having a body temperature greatly above normal.
Hypoallergenic Designed to reduce or minimize the possibility of an allergic response, as by containing few or no potentially irritating substances.
Hypocalcaemia A deficiency of calcium in the bloodstream.
Hypoglycemia Deficiency of glucose in the bloodstream.
Hypothermia The condition of having an abnormally low body temperature, typically one that is dangerously low.
Hypoxia Deficiency in the amount of oxygen reaching the tissues of the body.


Ileostomy A surgical operation in which a piece of the ileum is diverted to an artificial opening in the abdominal wall.
Impotence Also known as Erectile Dysfunction (ED), is a sexual dysfunction characterized by the inability to develop or maintain an erection of the penis during sexual activity in humans.
Impregnated Guaze Gauze that has been infused with a material that is used to promote the healing of the wound. There are several types of materials that the gauze may be used to impregnated the guaze.
Incision A surgical cut made in skin or flesh.
Incontinence The inability to control excretory functions.
Incubator A heated bed covered by a clear plastic box that allows the baby to be kept warm without clothes so that they can be monitored very closely.
Infusion Pump A device that provides fluids, medicine or nutrients directly into the blood.
Infusion Set Connects the insulin pump delivery device to the body.
Insert Pads Full-length pads that are inserted into regular underwear to absorb light, moderate or heavy urinary leakage.
Instrument A tool or implement, especially one for delicate or scientific work.
Insulin A hormone produced in the pancreas that regulates the amount of glucose in the blood stream.
Insulin Pump A device that contains a cartridge of rapid-acting insulin and a precise motor that pushes the insulin from the cartridge into the body.
Integumentary System The organ system that protects the body from various kinds of damage, such as loss of water or abrasion from outside.
Iris The part of the eye that is colored.
IV Intravenous.
IV Lines Intravenous Lines. Fine tubes that are sometimes inserted into a blood vessel, usually in a hand, foot, arm or leg in order to give fluid or medicine directly.


Jaundice Yellowness of the skin/whites of the eyes caused by a raised level of bilirubin in the blood.


Ketone Ketones are produced when there is not enough insulin to break down the glucose in the blood stream.


Labia Lips
Laceration A deep cut or tear in skin or flesh.
Lancet A sharp-pointed and commonly two-edged surgical instrument used to make small incisions.
Lancing Device Is a reusable instrument equipped with a lancet.
Larynx The hollow muscular organ forming an air passage to the lungs and holding the vocal cords in humans and other mammals.
Lesion A region in an organ or tissue that has suffered damage through injury or disease, such as a wound, ulcer, abscess, tumor, etc.
Liner Pads Used to absorb daily vaginal discharge, post-intercourse discharge, or even a light period flow.
Lingulus Tongue
Lubricant A substance used for minimizing friction.
Lumbar Relating to the lower part of the back. The portion of the spin located between the thorax and the sacrum.
Lumbar puncture (LP) A sample of the fluid that surrounds the spinal cord after evidence of a severe infection has been discovered.
Lumbar Tap Lumbar Puncture.


Male Guard Pads Male incontinence pads.
Mandible Lower Jaw
Mattress Protector An item of removable bedding that sits on top of, or encases, a mattress to protect it.
Maxilla Upper Jaw
Mechanism A system of parts working together in a machine; a piece of machinery.
Medical Tape Sometimes referred to as surgical tape, is a type of pressure-sensitive adhesive tape used in medicine and first aid to hold a bandage or other dressing onto a wound.
Mentis Chin
Mesh Underwear Light and flexible disposable undergarments that are used post-childbirth.
Montgomery Straps Adhesive straps used to facilitate frequent dressing changes without having to remove and reapply tape.


Nares Nostrils
Nasal Cannula Is a device used to deliver supplemental oxygen or increased airflow to a patient or person in need of respiratory help.
Nasogastric Feed (NG) A tube that is passed through the nose and down through the nasopharynx and esophagus into the stomach.
Nebulizer A device for producing a fine spray of liquid, used for example for inhaling a medicinal drug.
Neonate The first four weeks of a baby's life.
Nipple Clamps A clamp that is applied to the nipples in order to restrict the blood flow.
Nitric Oxide Produced in the body to relax blood vessels and so improves blood flow to all parts of the body.
Nutrition The act or process of nourishing or being nourished. Specifically, the sum of the processes by which an animal or plant takes in and utilizes food substances.
Nutritional Powders Are added to water or sometimes milk in order to create a complete, balanced nutritional drink.


Oedema Swelling caused by too much fluid in the tissues under the skin.
Oral Cavity Mouth
Orbit Eye Socket
Orogastric tube A fine tube passed through the mouth and into the stomach.
Ostomy An artificial opening in an organ of the body, created during an operation such as a colostomy, ileostomy, or gastrostomy; a stoma.
Oxygen Saturation Measure of the percentage of hemoglobin binding sites in the bloodstream occupied by oxygen.


Paralysis The loss of the ability to move in part of or the entire body, typically as a result of illness, poison, or injury.
Patient Lift A patient lift, sometimes referred to as a sling, is an assistive device that will help a caregiver transfer a patient, with limited mobility, from the bed to a chair and back.
Penile Relating to the penis.
Penile Clamp An external clamp that gently applies pressure to stop urine flow through the urethra.
Penis Pump A treatment option for the inability to get or maintain an erection sufficient for sex.
pH This is about the acidity (low value) or alkalinity (raised value) of the blood. A value close to 7.4 is normal for arterial blood.
Phototherapy Using blue light to reduce the bilirubin level in a patient.
Physiotherapy Special exercises to improve or relieve physical problems.
Picture For reference purposes only.
Pinna Ears
Pneumothorax When there is air between the lung and chest wall if a lung has leaked air.
Polyuria Production of abnormally large volumes of dilute urine.
Psoriasis A skin disease marked by red, itchy, scaly patches.
Pulse Oximeter This is used to monitor the amount of oxygen in the body’s blood.
Pupil The hole in the center of the eye.


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Resuscitate This is to revive from death or unconsciousness by providing first aid procedures.
Rollator A rolling walker that typically has a seat attached for when the using needs to rest.


Sacrum A triangular bone in the lower back formed from fused vertebrae and situated between the two hipbones of the pelvis.
Saline A solution of salt in water.
Scapula Shoulder Blade
Self-Adherent An ability to cohere to itself while not adhereing well to other surfaces.
Self-Adhesive When a product is coated with a sticky substance that adheres without requiring moistening.
Sepsis The presence of harmful bacteria and their toxins in tissues, typically through infection of a wound.
Skull Cranium
Sleep Study A test used to diagnose sleep disorders.
Sternum The center vertical chest bone that covers the heart and esophogus.
Steroids One of a large group of chemical substances classified by a specific carbon structure. Steroids include drugs used to relieve swelling and inflammation, such as prednisone and cortisone; vitamin D; and some sex hormones, such as testosterone and estradiol.
Supplement Something that completes or enhances something else when added to it.
Surfactant A substance that tends to reduce the surface tension of a liquid in which it is dissolved.
Synthetic Made by chemical synthesis, especially to imitate a natural product.
Syringe Driver A syringe driver is used to gradually and continuously give small amounts of fluids (with or without medication) to patients.


Tachycardia A resting heart rate over 100 beats per minute.
Tachypnoea A resting respiratory rate greater than 20 breaths per minute.
Temperature Skin Probe A small device that is placed on the skin to measure a patient's temperature.
Test Strips A consumable element containing chemicals that react with the glucose in the blood used for the test.
Tetra Brik A carton type package that is typically cuboid used to hold liquids.
Thoracic Of, relating to, located within, or involving the thorax. The area of the spine located in the thorax.
Tracheostomy An incision in the windpipe made to relieve an obstruction to breathing.
Transcutaneous Monitors A monitoring device that is placed on the skin to measure the blood oxygen levels.
Tube Feeding A medical device used to provide nutrition to patients who cannot obtain nutrition by mouth, are unable to swallow safely, or need nutritional supplementation.
Tympanic Membrane Ear Drum


Ulcer An open sore on an external or internal surface of the body, caused by a break in the skin or mucous membrane that fails to heal.
Umbilicus Navel
Unna Boot A compression dressing made by wrapping layers of gauze around a leg and foot in order to protect an ulcer or open wound.
Urinalysis Analysis of urine by physical, chemical, and microscopical means to test for the presence of disease, drugs, etc.
Urinary Of, relating to, or denoting the system of organs, structures, and ducts by which urine is produced and discharged.


Vital Signs Monitor A medical device that monitors the four main vital signs: body temperature, pulse rate, respiratory rate, and blood pressure.
Vitamin K Any of a group of vitamins found mainly in green leaves and essential for the blood-clotting process.


Washable Underpads A machine washable and reusable absorbent underpad that is more effective and economical than disposable underpads.
Wheelchair Are used by people for whom walking is difficult or impossible due to illness, injury, or disability.
Wound An injury to living tissue caused by a cut, blow, or other impact, typically one in which the skin is cut or broken.


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Zinc Paste It can be used to treat minor skin irritations and diaper rash.
Zygomatic Arch Cheek Bone