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Glossary

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  • A1C Test - A blood test that provides information about a person's average levels of blood glucose, over the past 3 months. This test is sometimes referred to as the hemoglobin A1c, HbA1c, or glycohemoglobin test.
  • Abdominal - Of or relating to the middle region of the body.
  • Aberrant - Wandering or deviating from from the understood normal.
  • Abrasion - An area damaged by scraping or wearing away.
  • Abscess - A circumscribed, localized collection of pus caused by an infection and decomposition of tissue.
  • Acidosis - An abnormally high level of acid in the blood.
  • Adhesion - The property of sticking two or more pieces together.
  • Agonist - A drug that stimulates activity of cell molecules in a way they would be stimulated by naturally produced substances.
  • Akinesia - Motionless attributeable to temporary paralysis.
  • Alginate - Sometimes referred to as Alginic acid, is an anionic polysaccharide distributed widely in the cell walls of brown algae, where through binding with water it forms a viscous gum.
  • Anemia - A deficiency of red blood cells.
  • Anesthesia - Insensitivity to pain, especially as artificially induced by the administration of gases or the injection of drugs before surgical operations.
  • Antagonist - A substance that inhibits or counteracts the action of another.
  • Antifungal - Destroying fungi or inhibiting their growth.
  • Anuresis - The failure or inability to void urine from the bladder.
  • Apnoea - A temporary pause in breathing.
  • Apophysis - A projecting portion of a bone.
  • Asepsis - The absence of bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms.
  • Asphyxia - A condition arising when the body is deprived of oxygen, causing unconsciousness or death; suffocation.
  • Aural - Pertaining to the ear or the sense of hearing.
  • Bagging - Putting a mask connected to a squeezable bag or pressure device over the baby’s nose and mouth to help breathing.
  • Bandage - A strip of material used to bind a wound or to protect an injured part of the body.
  • Bariatric - Relating to or specializing in the treatment of obesity.
  • Basal - Pertaining to the base.
  • Bilirubin - A yellow pigment in the blood that gives a yellow colouring to the skin.
  • Bio Hazard - A risk to human health or the environment arising from biological work, especially with microorganisms.
  • Blood Culture - A test to find an infection in the blood.
  • Blood Pressure - This is the pressure generated in the body's arteries by the pumping of the heart.
  • Blood Transfusion - The process of transferring the blood of a person into the veins of another person.
  • Body Shields - The body shield is designed to help prevent excess scrotal tissue from entering the vacuum cylinder.
  • Booster Pads - A soft, flow-through pad designed to fill to capacity and then pass additional fluid into the primary garment.
  • Box - Often contains multiple counts of an item within a box.
  • Breast Pump - Piece of equipment that is both manual and electric that is used for expressing breast milk.
  • CABG - Pronounced as cabbage. This is an acronym for coronary artery bypass graft.
  • Cannula - A thin tube inserted into a vein or body cavity intended to administer medicine, drain off fluid, or insert a surgical instrument.
  • CAT - Acronym for computerized axial tomography.
  • Catheter - A flexible tube inserted through a narrow opening into a body cavity, particularly the bladder, for removing fluid.
  • Caudate - Having a tail.
  • Cephalic - Of or relating to the head.
  • Cerebrospinal - Of or relating to the brain and spinal cord.
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid - Clear watery fluid that fills the space between the arachnoid membrane and the pia mater.
  • Cervical - Of or relating to the neck. The neck region of the spine.
  • Chest Drain - A tube passed through the chest wall to drain off air leaking from the lung.
  • Chordate - Having a notochord.
  • Clavicle - Collar Bone
  • Collagen - The main structural protein found in animal connective tissue.
  • Colostomy - A surgical operation in which a piece of the colon is diverted to an artificial opening in the abdominal wall so as to bypass a damaged part of the colon.
  • Commode - A piece of furniture that contains a concealed chamber pot.
  • Complement - This occurs when something that has the ability to fill up or complete is filled up or has become complete.
  • Conception - The creation of something in the mind.
  • Condom - A thin rubber sheath that is worn over a man's penis.
  • Contusion - A region of injured tissue or skin in which blood capillaries have been ruptured.
  • Cooling Mattress - A cooling mattress is used for a specific condition where the brain needs to be cooled down to prevent brain damage.
  • Cornea - The white portion of the eyes.
  • Costal - Rib Bones
  • Count - Denotes a numerical value of only a single item, or a single set of items.
  • CPAP - Continuous Positive Airway Pressure, is a treatment that uses mild air pressure to keep the airways open.
  • Cyanosis - Reduced level of oxygen in the blood that makes the skin, lips and nails appear bluish.
  • Cystitome - An instrument used to open the capsule of the lens of the eye.
  • Debridement - The removal of damaged tissue or foreign objects from a wound.
  • Dentition - Teeth
  • Diabetes - A metabolic disease in which the body's inability to produce any or enough insulin causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood.
  • Diabetic Control Solution - A liquid that comes in a small vial and contains a known amount of glucose. This is used to test the accuracy of the blood glucose monitor.
  • Diabetic Sock - A non-binding and non-elasticized sock which is designed so as to not constrict the foot or leg.
  • Diagnostic - Serving to identify or characterize; being a precise indication.
  • Diapers - A piece of absorbent material worn around the waist that absorbs and retains waste excretions.
  • Disposable Underpads - Referred to as "chux" in most hospitals. Placed on top of mattresses, and other furniture to absorb incontinence accidents.
  • Dressing - A piece of material placed on a wound to protect it.
  • Drip - When fluids or blood are passed into a vein or artery using a needle or plastic tube.
  • Dysmorphic - Pertaining to an abnormality in the shape or size of a body part.
  • ECG(electrocardiogram) - A record or display of a person's heartbeat produced by electrocardiography.
  • EEG(electroencephalogram) - A test or record of brain activity produced by electroencephalography.
  • Electrolytes - The ionized or ionizable constituents of a living cell, blood, or other organic matter.
  • Endotracheal Tube - A small usually plastic tubeinserted into the trachea through the mouth or nose to maintain an unobstructed passageway especially to deliver oxygen or anesthesia to the lungs.
  • Enema - A procedure in which liquid or gas is injected into the rectum, typically to expel its contents, but also to introduce drugs or permit X-ray imaging.
  • Enuresis - Wetting the bed.
  • Epiphysis - The end of a long bone.
  • Esmark Bandage - Rolls of latex and non-latex sheeting or film that is used in bloodless surgery on limbs.
  • Exchange Transfusion - The simultaneous removal of a patient's blood and replacement by donated blood, used in treating serious conditions such as hemolytic disease of the newborn.
  • External Meatus - Ear Canal
  • Extubate - The removal of a tube especially from the larynx after intubation.
  • First Aid - Help given to a sick or injured person until full medical treatment is available.
  • Foley Catheter - A flexible tube that passes through the urethra and into the bladder to drain urine.
  • Food Thickener - Used to make drinking easier for patients who have trouble swallowing.
  • Fortify - To make strong; impart strength or vigor to.
  • Frontalis - Forehead
  • Gastrostomy - An opening into the stomach from the abdominal wall, made surgically for the introduction of food.
  • Gauze - A loosely woven cotton surgical dressing, often with the capibility of fluid absorption.
  • Gingiva - Gums
  • Globe - Eyeball
  • Glucose - The chief source of energy for living organisms, its utilization is controlled by insulin.
  • Glucose Testing Meter - A device that reads the amount of glucose in the blood stream of the patient.
  • Heating Pads - A pad that is used for warming parts of the body in order to manage pain.
  • Hyaline Membrance Disease(HMD) - A breathing problem in which the lungs tend to collapse instead of staying filled with air.
  • Hydrocephalus - When too much cerebrospinal fluid accumulates inside the chambers of the brain.
  • Hydrocolloid - A substance that forms a gel in the presence of water.
  • Hydrogel - A gel in which the liquid component is water.
  • Hypercalcaemia - A condition in which the calcium level in your blood is above normal.
  • Hyperglycemia - An excess of glucose in the bloodstream, often associated with diabetes mellitus.
  • Hyperthermia - The condition of having a body temperature greatly above normal.
  • Hypoallergenic - Designed to reduce or minimize the possibility of an allergic response, as by containing few or no potentially irritating substances.
  • Hypocalcaemia - A deficiency of calcium in the bloodstream.
  • Hypoglycemia - Deficiency of glucose in the bloodstream.
  • Hypothermia - The condition of having an abnormally low body temperature, typically one that is dangerously low.
  • Hypoxia - Deficiency in the amount of oxygen reaching the tissues of the body.
  • Ileostomy - A surgical operation in which a piece of the ileum is diverted to an artificial opening in the abdominal wall.
  • Impotence - Also known as Erectile Dysfunction (ED), is a sexual dysfunction characterized by the inability to develop or maintain an erection of the penis during sexual activity in humans.
  • Impregnated Guaze - Gauze that has been infused with a material that is used to promote the healing of the wound. There are several types of materials that the gauze may be used to impregnated the guaze.
  • Incision - A surgical cut made in skin or flesh.
  • Incontinence - The inability to control excretory functions.
  • Incubator - A heated bed covered by a clear plastic box that allows the baby to be kept warm without clothes so that they can be monitored very closely.
  • Infusion Pump - A device that provides fluids, medicine or nutrients directly into the blood.
  • Infusion Set - Connects the insulin pump delivery device to the body.
  • Insert Pads - Full-length pads that are inserted into regular underwear to absorb light, moderate or heavy urinary leakage.
  • Instrument - A tool or implement, especially one for delicate or scientific work.
  • Insulin - A hormone produced in the pancreas that regulates the amount of glucose in the blood stream.
  • Insulin Pump - A device that contains a cartridge of rapid-acting insulin and a precise motor that pushes the insulin from the cartridge into the body.
  • Integumentary System - The organ system that protects the body from various kinds of damage, such as loss of water or abrasion from outside.
  • Iris - The part of the eye that is colored.
  • IV - Intravenous.
  • IV Lines - Intravenous Lines. Fine tubes that are sometimes inserted into a blood vessel, usually in a hand, foot, arm or leg in order to give fluid or medicine directly.
  • Jaundice - Yellowness of the skin/whites of the eyes caused by a raised level of bilirubin in the blood.
  • Ketone - Ketones are produced when there is not enough insulin to break down the glucose in the blood stream.
  • Labia - Lips
  • Laceration - A deep cut or tear in skin or flesh.
  • Lancet - A sharp-pointed and commonly two-edged surgical instrument used to make small incisions.
  • Lancing Device - Is a reusable instrument equipped with a lancet.
  • Larynx - The hollow muscular organ forming an air passage to the lungs and holding the vocal cords in humans and other mammals.
  • Lesion - A region in an organ or tissue that has suffered damage through injury or disease, such as a wound, ulcer, abscess, tumor, etc.
  • Liner Pads - Used to absorb daily vaginal discharge, post-intercourse discharge, or even a light period flow.
  • Lingulus - Tongue
  • Lubricant - A substance used for minimizing friction.
  • Lumbar - Relating to the lower part of the back. The portion of the spin located between the thorax and the sacrum.
  • Lumbar puncture (LP) - A sample of the fluid that surrounds the spinal cord after evidence of a severe infection has been discovered.
  • Lumbar Tap - Lumbar Puncture.
  • Male Guard Pads - Male incontinence pads.
  • Mandible - Lower Jaw
  • Mattress Protector - An item of removable bedding that sits on top of, or encases, a mattress to protect it.
  • Maxilla - Upper Jaw
  • Mechanism - A system of parts working together in a machine; a piece of machinery.
  • Medical Tape - Sometimes referred to as surgical tape, is a type of pressure-sensitive adhesive tape used in medicine and first aid to hold a bandage or other dressing onto a wound.
  • Mentis - Chin
  • Mesh Underwear - Light and flexible disposable undergarments that are used post-childbirth.
  • Montgomery Straps - Adhesive straps used to facilitate frequent dressing changes without having to remove and reapply tape.
  • Nares - Nostrils
  • Nasal Cannula - Is a device used to deliver supplemental oxygen or increased airflow to a patient or person in need of respiratory help.
  • Nasogastric Feed (NG) - A tube that is passed through the nose and down through the nasopharynx and esophagus into the stomach.
  • Nebulizer - A device for producing a fine spray of liquid, used for example for inhaling a medicinal drug.
  • Neonate - The first four weeks of a baby's life.
  • Nipple Clamps - A clamp that is applied to the nipples in order to restrict the blood floow.
  • Nitric Oxide - Produced in the body to relax blood vessels and so improves blood flow to all parts of the body.
  • Nutrition - The act or process of nourishing or being nourished. Specifically, the sum of the processes by which an animal or plant takes in and utilizes food substances.
  • Nutritional Powders - Are added to water or sometimes milk in order to create a complete, balanced nutritional drink.
  • Oedema - Swelling caused by too much fluid in the tissues under the skin.
  • Oral Cavity - Mouth
  • Orbit - Eye Socket
  • Orogastric tube - A fine tube passed through the mouth and into the stomach.
  • Ostomy - An artificial opening in an organ of the body, created during an operation such as a colostomy, ileostomy, or gastrostomy; a stoma.
  • Oxygen Saturation - Measure of the percentage of hemoglobin binding sites in the bloodstream occupied by oxygen.
  • Paralysis - The loss of the ability to move in part of or the entire body, typically as a result of illness, poison, or injury.
  • Patient Lift - A patient lift, sometimes referred to as a sling, is an assistive device that will help a caregiver transfer a patient, with limited mobility, from the bed to a chair and back.
  • Penile - Relating to the penis.
  • Penile Clamp - An external clamp that gently applies pressure to stop urine flow through the urethra.
  • Penis Pump - A treatment option for the inability to get or maintain an erection sufficient for sex.
  • pH - This is about the acidity (low value) or alkalinity (raised value) of the blood. A value close to 7.4 is normal for arterial blood.
  • Phototherapy - Using blue light to reduce the bilirubin level in a patient.
  • Physiotherapy - Special exercises to improve or relieve physical problems.
  • Picture - For reference purposes only.
  • Pinna - Ears
  • Pneumothorax - When there is air between the lung and chest wall if a lung has leaked air.
  • Polyuria - Production of abnormally large volumes of dilute urine.
  • Psoriasis - A skin disease marked by red, itchy, scaly patches.
  • Pulse Oximeter - This is used to monitor the amount of oxygen in the body’s blood.
  • Pupil - The hole in the center f the eye.
  • Resuscitate - This is to revive from death or unconsciousness by providing first aid procedures.
  • Rollator - A rolling walker that typically has a seat attached for when the using needs to rest.
  • Sacrum - A triangular bone in the lower back formed from fused vertebrae and situated between the two hipbones of the pelvis.
  • Saline - A solution of salt in water.
  • Scapula - Shoulder Blade
  • Self-Adherent - An ability to cohere to itself while not adhereing well to other surfaces.
  • Self-Adhesive - When a product is coated with a sticky substance that adheres without requiring moistening.
  • Sepsis - The presence of harmful bacteria and their toxins in tissues, typically through infection of a wound.
  • Skull - Cranium
  • Sleep Study - A test used to diagnosesleep disorders.
  • Sternum - The center vertical chest bone that covers the heart and esophogus.
  • Steroids - One of a large group of chemical substances classified by a specific carbon structure. Steroids include drugs used to relieve swelling and inflammation, such as prednisone and cortisone; vitamin D; and some sex hormones, such as testosterone and estradiol.
  • Supplement - Something that completes or enhances something else when added to it.
  • Surfactant - A substance that tends to reduce the surface tension of a liquid in which it is dissolved.
  • Synthetic - Made by chemical synthesis, especially to imitate a natural product.
  • Syringe Driver - A syringe driver is used to gradually and continuously give small amounts of fluids (with or without medication) to patients.
  • Tachycardia - A resting heart rate over 100 beats per minute.
  • Tachypnoea - A resting respiratory rate greater than 20 breaths per minute.
  • Temperature Skin Probe - A small device that is placed on the skin to measure a patient's temperature.
  • Test Strips - A consumable element containing chemicals that react with the glucose in the blood used for the test.
  • Tetra Brik - A carton type package that is typically cuboid used to hold liquids.
  • Thoracic - Of, relating to, located within, or involving the thorax. The area of the spine located in the thorax.
  • Tracheostomy - An incision in the windpipe made to relieve an obstruction to breathing.
  • Transcutaneous Monitors - A monitoring device that is placed on the skin to measure the blood oxygen levels.
  • Tube Feeding - A medical device used to provide nutrition to patients who cannot obtain nutrition by mouth, are unable to swallow safely, or need nutritional supplementation.
  • Tympanic Membrane - Ear Drum
  • Ulcer - An open sore on an external or internal surface of the body, caused by a break in the skin or mucous membrane that fails to heal.
  • Umbilicus - Navel
  • Unna Boot - A compression dressing made by wrapping layers of gauze around a leg and foot in order to protect an ulcer or open wound.
  • Urinalysis - Analysis of urine by physical, chemical, and microscopical means to test for the presence of disease, drugs, etc.
  • Urinary - Of, relating to, or denoting the system of organs, structures, and ducts by which urine is produced and discharged.
  • Vital Signs Monitor - A medical device that monitors the four main vital signs: body temperature, pulse rate, respiratory rate, and blood pressure.
  • Vitamin K - Any of a group of vitamins found mainly in green leaves and essential for the blood-clotting process.
  • Washable Underpads - A machine washable and reusable absorbent underpad that is more effective and economical than disposable underpads.
  • Wheelchair - Are used by people for whom walking is difficult or impossible due to illness, injury, or disability.
  • Wound - An injury to living tissue caused by a cut, blow, or other impact, typically one in which the skin is cut or broken.
  • Zinc Paste - It can be used to treat minor skin irritations and diaper rash.
  • Zygomatic Arch - Cheek Bone